Maximum number of entries: 36 per nation.
Artistic gymnastics was added to the programme of the Summer Universiade in 1961 in Sofia, Bulgaria, and only individual all-around events were presented there. The USSR national team placed first in the team competitions that year. Other men's and women's events of artistic gymnastics competitions were featured at the 1973 Summer Universiade in Moscow.
Artistic gymnastics's rapid development started in the 18th century. Peter I and Alexander Suvorov were very interested in artistic gymnastics as an applied discipline.
Originally gymnastics was mainly cultivated in the Russian military sphere. In the 1870s a famous Russian scientist and professor Petr Lesgaft opened a two-year gymnastic course (which is known now as the Institute of Physical Culture named after Lesgaft) in Saint Petersburg. The first Russian gymnastics competition, organised by the Russian Gymnastics Association, took place in 1885 in Moscow. 11 athletes participated in that competition.
In 1889 artistic gymnastics was included in the programme of men's education establishments. In the late 19th - early 20th century gymnastics clubs were created in many cities of Russia, regular country championships starting to appear.
In 1912 Russian gymnasts took part in the Olympics for the first time. The first national championship was held in 1928 (as part of the All-Union Spartakiade). In 1932 the second absolute national competition was organized, and this time women participated in the competitions as well. The first absolute champion was Tatyana Voschinina.
Individual events at the national championships appeared in 1939.
Nowadays Russian gymnasts are still considered to be the strongest on the international sports scene. Alexey Nemov was the absolute champion of the Olympic Games in Sydney in 2000 and also won gold in the exercises at the bar. Svetlana Khorkina is the absolute two-time world champion and three-time European champion. She is also an Olympic champion and world champion in individual events. Nikita Kryukov is an absolute world champion; Elena Zamolodchikova is a world champion and Olympic medallist in individual events.
Top artistic gymnasts in the Republic of Tatarstan:
• Vladimir Safronov (1951) - USSR Master of Sport International Level (Zelenodolsk).
Winner of the 1973 Summer Universiade in Moscow. Silver medallist of the 1974 World Championship in Varna, Bulgaria (team competitions). Winner of the 1975 World Cup in London, Great Britain. Coached by Nikolay Seleznev.
• Radik Nizamutdinov (1971) - USSR Master of Sport International Level (Naberezhnye Chelny).
Three-time winner of the 1989 European Championship in Nantes, France (team competitions, pommel horse and horizonral bar). Coached by Gennady Kozlov.
• Svetlana Kismyatullova/Lebedinskaya (1971) - USSR Master of Sport International Level (Naberezhnye Chelny).
Winner of the 1987 America's Cup. Many-time USSR champion. Coached by Viktor Lutoenko.
• Ruslan Nigmadzyanov (1985) - Master of Sport International Level (Chistopol).
Winner of the 2002 CIS and Baltics International Youth Games in Moscow. Many-time Russian champion and holder of the Cup of Russia (pommel horse). Coached by Igor Beluzhenkov.
• Leysira Gabdrakhmanova/Borovik (1987) - Master of Sport of Russia (Naberezhnye Chelny).
Bronze medallist of the 2004 European Championship in Amsterdam, the Netherlands (team competitions). Two-time bronze medallist of the 2007 Summer Universiade in Thailand (vault and floor). Coached by Andrey Kopylov.
Artistic gymnastics in Kazan
The Children and Youth Artistic Gymnastics and Acrobarics Sports School specilises in training young talented athletes in artistic gymnastics. The school's best trainees are:
• Anastasia Kolesnikova (1984) – Merited Master of Sport of Russia (Kazan).
Bronze medallist of the 2000 Olympic Games in Sydney, Australia (team competitions). Coached by Ilya Saprykin.
• Shamil Gatiyatov (1994) – Master of Sport (Kazan)
Winner of the 2nd Eurasian Sports Games (2010) in Kazan (vault). Winner of the 2011 CIS and Baltics International Youth Games in Penza Coached by Radik Kurmangalin. Candidate for the Russian national team for the 2013 Summer Universiade.
Wind: south-west, 1.79 m/s